Paulo Weber

The tipificaes are transmitted by the generations and from them we interpret the world. ‘ ‘ The objective and the concern of Weber are to understand the direction that each actor of to proper conduta.’ ‘ (Aron, 2002, P. 464) One meets there, the subjectivity of the individual, that results in objective knowledge when understanding the causes of the action of some individuals. The analytical reconstruction of elements of the reality in terms typical ideals and the simulation of the involved objective possibilities in an event or situation would be the main elements that would allow the causal understanding of the social phenomena.

The scientist reconstructs, in typical terms, specific dimensions of the reality, evaluates, according to rules of the experience, as the agents probably would act ahead of these dimensions and compare the concrete courses of action with the carried through forecasts. The purpose of the ideal type consists of taking conscience not of what he is generic, but that he is specific in the cultural phenomena. ‘ ‘ It does not have doubt of that the starting point of the interest for social sciences inhabits in real configuration e, therefore, individual of the partner-cultural life that in them encircles, when we want to apprehend it knot its universal context, nor therefore less individual () ‘ ‘ (Weber, Max, 1992, P. 125, 126) According to Conh (apud Weber, 2006), science, thus being, is the knowledge of what men of certain society, in certain time, they repute important, that the penalty is valid to be known. the control point to select what valley the penalty to be known is what searchs to know the proper researcher.

The motor force of the research is the value, but the scientific knowledge is objective in the results, that depend on the used method. This means that, without reference the values, science is not practised. In short, the objetividade is yes possible, but it does not have estimated social sciences without: what it motivates the scientist to make science is subjective what it at that moment is important for, in that culture. ‘ ‘ The objective validity of all knowing empiricist is exclusively based only in the ordinance of the given reality as categories that are subjetivas.’ ‘ (Weber, Max, 1992, P. 152) It must also be remembered that social sciences if occupy of the actions of the individuals, that are, in turn, subjective. finally, must be detached that science can in offering objective knowledge to them of what occurs in the world, but it does not have as to say which meaning it has: this task only fits we.