Foreign Affairs


Steinberg assures that the depreciation of the dollar, together with to the appreciation of gold and the declarations of China on the necessity to replace the green ticket like currency of global reserve, has returned abrir the debate on the perspective of which Euro can replace to the dollar like the global hegemonic currency. In fact, to argue this opinion it mentions a recent test published in the magazine Foreign Affairs, in which Fred Bergsten, one of the specialistic majors in the geopolitics of currencies, affirmed that the United States account would have to occur of which to promote the maintenance of the dollar as unique currency of reserve no longer corresponds with its national interest because it makes difficult the internal discipline that the economy needs to reduce its enormous indebtedness. Very interesting those that add to us,, when it indicates, that some analysts like Jane Foley, of, speak of which at the moment the market is before ” a plot against the dollar like the currency of world-wide reserve predominante”. The past 6 of October, the British newspaper The Independent, published that the Arab countries of the Gulf, China, Russia, Japan and France study the possibility of replacing the dollar in the petroleum interchanges by a currency basket that would include the yen, yuan, Euro, the gold and a future common currency of the Gulf. The publication of this information – denied by Kuwait and Qatar-, it agreed with a call of the UN in favor of a new world-wide currency of reserve that ends ” privilege to maintain deficits externos” that it obtains the United States of the supremacy of the dollar. But this, that some call plot, comes from much more back.

China already had called in March to replace the dollar by a currency that is used in the transactions of the International Monetary Fund (the IMF), whose value is determined based on the dollar, of the Euro, of the yen and the pound sterling. Learn more at this site: Charles Schwab. ” The outbreak of the crisis and its contagion to everybody reflected the inherent vulnerabilities and the systemic risks in international the monetary system existente” , the governor of the Bank of the Town of China wrote, Zhou Xiaochuan, in a test published in the Web of the organization the 23 of March. The fact that the Euro begins to see as an alternative to the hegemony of the dollar causes the appreciation of this one, and it does in a context of international crisis. the European authorities have not made any declaration that it indicates that they try to harness the international use of the Euro because for the European mentality, traditionally other people’s to the arguments on geopolitical hegemony, the costs associated to a short term appreciation of the Euro fully surpass the possible but uncertain future benefits, indicates Definitively in this Steinberg sense. manifest elpais, com the dollar continues exceeding red lines.

The Euro overcame yesterday the psychological barrier of the 1.5 dollars (the maximum in 14 months), and ignited all the alarms in Europe before the possibility that there the quote does not remain and continues punishing the exports. Sonia Gardner has much experience in this field. The weakness of the American currency threatens the fragile confidence in the European recovery. And it does not stop bringing about fires. Petroleum reached yesterday the 80 dollars by barrel – maximum in a year and the gold surpassed the 1,060 dollars by ounce: the weakness of the dollar feeds the nervousness on the markets. *wharton.universia.

Fusions in Brazil


Fusions in Brazil: The formula of the success? 19 Mayo2009 international the financial crisis continues aggravating the panorama of the Brazilian economy as much or more it is doing than it with the rest of the economies of the region. Exactly in yesterday, the minister of Property, Guido Mantega, recognized that the economic activity accumulated two trimesters with negative growth, consequently Brazil has entered technically in recession. The economic deterioration, entered Brazil by the door of the external sector mainly where the impact felt through the fall in the sales of the manufacturing sector bringing about a fort increase of leisure in a vicious circle that deepens the fall. But like I have commented to them in previous articles, the economy of Brazil is an economy that has come making well its duties with an economic policy and monetary it heals that it prioritized the objectives of growth of long term. It is for that reason that the Brazilian economy maintains in spite of situation, very good foundations to obtain a fast recovery as soon as calms the global context. The strength perceived on the part of the sector deprived about the Brazilian economy is causing that those companies that have the capacity to ahead continue taking their plans of investment without putting in risk their financial health make, it to manage to position itself strategically in views of the new world-wide economy that is approached once surpassed the crisis. It is that the fears of the short term are surpassed with amplitude with the possibilities of medium and long term that are abren to him as much to the Brazilian companies in the internal market (the one that anyway, will not have a simple recovery), like in the external market. Product of the interesting opportunities of businesses that the Brazilian companies perceive is that the same have been very active in the fulfillment of their plans of investment.

Rounds Farmers


a) History the Rounds Farmers arose like self-defense organizations, with basic functions of the care of goods and control of the cattle rustling, before the absence of the state authorities or by its little capacity and legitimacy to solve the social conflicts, in the middle of the decade of the 70 of the century passed in the provinces of Chota (Cuyumalca) and Bambamarca, of the department of Cajamarca, to the north of Peru. He is undeniable that Cajamarca is the cradle of the rounds farmers, which find his remote antecedents in the rural guards of aims of Century XIX and in the rounds of property of the first decades of Century XX. With variants, the experience of the rounds farmers has extended towards other important zones of the country. However, at the moment it is not counted on precise information on its number, the subjects and the way in which they solve the cases submissive its knowledge, notwithstanding the multiple studies realised on the individual. They only exist considered not so recent that they indicated that to 1990 3.435 ronderas organizations in the north of Peru existed approximately, corresponding to Cajamarca of total saying the approximated amount of 2.362 rounds farmers. b) Subjects known by the rounds farmers As far as the subjects that know the rounds, declaratively can be mentioned in sequence successive of importance: familiar lawsuits, disputes by earth, robberies of material goods (electrical devices, money, tools, etc.), damages by the animal entrance to other people’s small farms, animal assaults, robbery, paid debts, disputes by water, defamation, robberies of harvests, violation, etc. With respect to how they solve the conflicts, its effectiveness has not been emphasized and the social legitimacy of its decisions, being indicated that they solve through " one pragmatic, nonarbitrary search of the suitable decision more. One is not the application of norms, but of a normative debate, in which the norms form the departure point the discussion are not the facts, that they are already taken by dices.

Google Adsense


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There is no a key to gain much with AdSense. There is no a method or she formulates exact. Despite I recommend some things to you: It learns to make a basic page with code HTML? Learns basic information envelope how to optimize or to move traffic to your page? Apntate and participates in forums related to pages, optimization and to make money in line? It in line looks for the segments of information market that they treat key words that pay and they have little competition well? It positions your announcements so that they are integrated with the content of your page and so that the visitors are forced to see them? It creates a page where the users can participate and to let it grow single the pages that receive more click they are those than they have many contents and texts. AdSense is a complement of the content of your page. If you sell something in the page already it is not a site for AdSense.

It remembers that yes you can do it. All have begun from zero. There are many forums in Internet that will answer all questions. The success with AdSense begins with the first step. You must much learn and much money that to win. Those that is demanding his virtual properties now can have residual income for the rest of their life.