Obviously, with distinct interests, which reproduce different proposals and conceptions of what it is to be child and of the necessities that this phase presents. We can search in history some concerns with infancy, as well as with what it involves the slight knowledge of ' ' city sustentvel' ' , ' ' sustentabilidade' ' , to understand such questions better. In elapsing of the times, and mainly, as it discloses to Muller & Redin (2007, p.15), after 2 world-wide war, had, on the part of the state representatives, a concern with the children, the orphans of war. What to make with these small that, alone ones in the world, abandonments in the streets, they could come to be a problem for the future, for the proper society? The authors count on the sprouting of the school and institutions that could help in the control and ' ' adaptao' ' of the same ones to alive the social one. In this construction, she transfers herself to see the child to it as a future project, one ' ' to come-the-ser' ' , as she affirms Miguel Arroyo (2000). It is impossible to deny, therefore, that many scholars of infancy, in this historical passage, have brought for the quarrel the importance of this phase and its validity in the gift. It is not, according to them, what it is for coming, is what they are now, ahead of the world, the family, the school, the shelters, of the streets, of problematic current and the etc. Other advances and changes in the historical passage are the laws and regiments who deal with this social group, even so very still have that to advance, as we bring more ahead. thus, following this quarrel, therefore everything is linked, being part of the one all biggest one, the ideas and action on the urgency of if having a city and world ' ' sustentvel' ' if they spread and they create imaginary a social one that if makes to try to be unanimous, in the same tunning Of this form, Axe (2010), supported in Lefebvre and Acselrad, argues the conflicts generated for this system, that if ' says; ' for todos' ' if makes for some.
The tipificaes are transmitted by the generations and from them we interpret the world. ‘ ‘ The objective and the concern of Weber are to understand the direction that each actor of to proper conduta.’ ‘ (Aron, 2002, P. 464) One meets there, the subjectivity of the individual, that results in objective knowledge when understanding the causes of the action of some individuals. The analytical reconstruction of elements of the reality in terms typical ideals and the simulation of the involved objective possibilities in an event or situation would be the main elements that would allow the causal understanding of the social phenomena.
The scientist reconstructs, in typical terms, specific dimensions of the reality, evaluates, according to rules of the experience, as the agents probably would act ahead of these dimensions and compare the concrete courses of action with the carried through forecasts. The purpose of the ideal type consists of taking conscience not of what he is generic, but that he is specific in the cultural phenomena. ‘ ‘ It does not have doubt of that the starting point of the interest for social sciences inhabits in real configuration e, therefore, individual of the partner-cultural life that in them encircles, when we want to apprehend it knot its universal context, nor therefore less individual () ‘ ‘ (Weber, Max, 1992, P. 125, 126) According to Conh (apud Weber, 2006), science, thus being, is the knowledge of what men of certain society, in certain time, they repute important, that the penalty is valid to be known. the control point to select what valley the penalty to be known is what searchs to know the proper researcher.
The motor force of the research is the value, but the scientific knowledge is objective in the results, that depend on the used method. This means that, without reference the values, science is not practised. In short, the objetividade is yes possible, but it does not have estimated social sciences without: what it motivates the scientist to make science is subjective what it at that moment is important for, in that culture. ‘ ‘ The objective validity of all knowing empiricist is exclusively based only in the ordinance of the given reality as categories that are subjetivas.’ ‘ (Weber, Max, 1992, P. 152) It must also be remembered that social sciences if occupy of the actions of the individuals, that are, in turn, subjective. finally, must be detached that science can in offering objective knowledge to them of what occurs in the world, but it does not have as to say which meaning it has: this task only fits we.
First after the passage of the stimulus they are inmodificadas, that is to say, they receive amount they unload and it, obtaining therefore tension zero, second they retain amount and they are modified by each one of the successive passages of the stimulus, which returns more apt them for the conduction from the tension of one to another neuron. These interneurnicos contacts Freud denominate facilitation. The function of the memory is composed by the accumulation of these differentiated facilitations. In as much these facilitations they favor the unloading of the stimulus, serve the primary function. Even there is another process that returns to put to the apparatus concerning this operation: the pain. In the text is described it like most imperative of all the processes, consists of the impression of great amounts of (q), by fault of the teleneuronal system that works like a barrier to the stimuli (q), which does that at system j a smaller amount arrives from this stimulus, the amount reduced causes that concerning this system the unloading takes place in such a way that it arrives at the tension zero – where neurons f appear as permeable as neurons j, producing facilitations such that both systems are compared. Freud outlines the consequences of the experience of satisfaction and the experience of pain the following way: In first two types of neurons are catectizadas that it classifies like and b.
The neurons to correspond to the perception of the object by means of which the satisfaction took ahead. The b corresponds to the reflected movement that followed the specific action. This catectizacin is simultaneous, when a new push of the necessity takes place to and b is simultaneously catectizadas, that is to say, the first neuron in undergoing this activation is a (image of the object) which produces a hallucination that leads immediately to the activation of the neuron b (reflected act) whose consequence is the qualification of displacer produced in W.