Although the medieval art, especially in Italy, does not mean a radical break with classical art (which in fact had already been undermined in its classicism with Hellenism, and much more to art late), the Renaissance had come to define themselves as a resurrection of the Ancient Age, understood as a model to imitate. The historical division of the ages-Old, Middle and Modern, which has frequently been accused of Eurocentres, is essentially value to define the West as that concept from the sixteenth century, since it originates at the time, and for ancient cultures where the intellectuals of Western Europe in the Modern Age sought to find its origin .
The presence in Italy, especially in the city of Rome, remains visible, and the continuous discovery of the remains buried, were taken into account, and allowed the gradual definition of the antique trade (collector, scholar and while plundering and destructive) while creating the foundations of archaeological science. Recovered worship classics such as the five books of architecture Vitrubio and scrutinize the few passages on art of Pliny the Elder. The discovery of the Domus Aurea of Nero, the group Laocoonte or the Apollo Belvedere, were perceived by painters and sculptors of the Cinquecento as a confirmation of the path taken, or a stimulus to initiate new ones (such as the Belvedere Torso for Miguel angel) . Later in the eighteenth century, the discovery of Pompeii and Herculaneum in the reign of Charles III of Naples (systematic excavations Karl Jakob Weber, Joaquin de Alcubierre Roque, Francisco Vega and his brother Pietro la Vega) extraordinary impact on intellectuals Europe, especially in Johann Joachim Winckelmann (Alcubierre very critical), and disseminated through the drawings of John Flaxman and the Wedgwood pottery, creating a veritable fever neoclassical version that took even his tour (the Grand Tour).
Was simultaneously producing a broadening of attention to other civilizations of the Ancient Age, notably the Greek national solar and monuments which were submitted to the Turkish Empire. The interest of Western European travelers were not unrelated to the emergence of Greek national consciousness, as evidenced by the romantic adventures of Lord Byron. Other civilizations like Egyptian, had been subjected to since ancient mixtificacion (link with alchemy and Hermeticism and other mystical disciplines, such as scenery and symbols of Masonry, who played Mozart in The Magic Flute).
Piramide del Sol, Teotihuacan (Mexico), I and II centuries.
The nineteenth century provides for the development of large-scale looting took place while the scientific Egyptology (Napoleonica expedition to Egypt with Champollion and use of the Rosetta Stone for decoding of hieroglyphics). In a similar way was in Mesopotamia, Palestine and Troy and Mycenae (Heinrich Schliemann). The twentieth century arqueologia develop a more systematic and rational, but which has never been off his aura of romance (Arthur Evans Cnosos in-the mythical Minotaur’s labyrinth on Crete and Howard Carter in the tomb of Tuntankamon). The pre-Columbian archeology (which extends seamless continuity chronologically from prehistory to what would be Europe-Middle Ages Mayan, Aztec and Inca-) has been developed as a result of the interest of Americans to find a Native American past to suggest memory continental alternative to the Old World. Archeology in China and Central Asia is an even more recent and rapidly developing. The same applies to European societies that have had good or bad fortune to present little support from the written sources and in areasof Eastern Europe less accessible to Western archaeologists political issues (Thracians Thracian Tomb of Kazanlak, Bulgaria, or Scythians discovery in 1947 of burying Pazyryk Sergei Rudenko in the Altai Mountains-).
Old collections from the Louvre Museum in Paris, the British Museum in London, Munich lapidarium and the Museum Island in Berlin, is regarded today as a demonstration of plunder (begun in Roman times, with the transfer of some Egyptian obelisks) where the repayment requested by the issuer, based on moral, legal and in preferring to keep the pieces in their original context (largely destroyed during the extraction), compared to the argument that if recipients had not been of interest then most of the pieces have been destroyed, probably because of the lack of previous owners or managers, where are the museums are an ideal environment for study and contemplation, and that time has elapsed also acquire rights historical fact (which also can not claim exclusive and unopposed issuers, as well empires were looted from other towns where these were treasures or similar). … tag with the turkey on the blog … The permission of the exotic, animal or plant, and is associated with the Ottoman empire. … Turkish turkey jose salvador 2 comments …
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