Syndicalistic National Party

These authors would have its importance in consequence of the paper who had had in the construction of a reflection historical-politics on the reasons of the failure of the First Republic. The conclusions of the studies of this group pointed with respect to the necessity of the reinforcement of the central public power. In the international scene the Crisis of 29 made to appear a strong feeling opposes to the ideas and Liberal proposals. In some countries, especially in the Europe, appear the notion of that only regimes that they privileged a system based on reinforcement and centralization of the State and that they were led by a charismatic leader would be the only alternative to solve the problems economic and to bar the ascension of the communist propaganda. Countries as Germany, Italy, Portugal and Spain had finished adhering to these proposals that had been known as authoritarian Nazi-fascists or. (CAPELATO, 2003).

It is in this environment that appears Ao Brazilian Integralista (AIB) that, established in October of 1932, it was, amongst the organizations that defended nationalistic values according to MAY and CYTRYNOWICZ (2003), the one that reached greater projection and level of organization. The AIB was created from the aglutinao of following the small groups and right extreme parties: Brazilian Social action, National Party Fascist, Pertaining to the state of Cear Legion of the Work, Syndicalistic National Party, in August of 1933, Salty Pliny, Gustavo Barroso and others, embark northward of the country, having made conferences in Fields, Victory, Salvador, Aracaju, Macei, Recife, Paraba, $fortaleza, So Lus, Belm and Manaus, being established nuclei in some cities . (CARONE, P. 207, 1976). Between the works that had analyzed the trajectory of this organization the interdisciplinaridade is the mark strongest, the proper areas of formation of the researchers varies between science> abandonment of the questions politics, on the part of the community of the historians.